The church is mentioned for the first time in 1222 when bishop of Krakow, Iwo Odrowąż, moved dominicans to Krakow and offered them already existing church. This first church was probably partially wooden, partially made of stone and performed parish function. After moving dominicans to the church the parish got new temple - Virgin Mary Church (Mariacki).
The first temple was ruined by the Tartars who in 1241 attacked Krakow and completey destroyed the city. Soon the temple was reerected. In the end of 14th century the aisles were enlarged and the church got final shape.
In 1594 Hyacinth was canonized by the pope Clement VIII, since that time the church became very popular among townspeople and noble families. Soon, families Myszkowski, Zbarski, Lubomirski erected their chapels. After 1683 also the king John III Sobieski erected his chapel.
In summer 1850 great fire destroyed the church, the vault collapsed and only the chapels and cloister survived. The church was reerected by the architect Teofil Żebrawski, who made the restoration precisely accodring to the plans before the fire. Only the tower that stood in front of the church was never reconstructed.
Next to the church, the cloister is worth visiting. Visitors can see several paintings by Tomaso Dolabella:
Martyrs from Toulouse - the painting relates activity of the dominican monks among Katars in southern France.
Saint Thomas Aquinas - Jesus Christs says 'Bene scripsisti de Me, Thoma, quam mercedem ergo accipiens? (You wrote good things about me, what do you wish tor this?), Non aliam quam Te (Nothing except You). The dialog had to tale place in Saint Nicolaus Chapell in Sicily.
Sermon of Saint Thomas Aquinas - Sermon of Saint Thomas Aquinas is listened by Jews (right side), Arabs, Indians (left side)
Saint Rajmund from Penyaford - Saint Rajmund goes from Palma de Mayorca to Barcelona on his own coat,
Saint Antonin from Florence - the painting presents escaping women from orphantry. In the backrgound Saint Antonin is painted with weigh inscripted 'Deo gratias'. Saint Antonin, bishop of Florence is known as one who found sarcophagus os Saint Katarina from Siena
Saint Dominic Guzman - Saint Dominic is painted with Saint Peter and Paul. On the left side a dog is painted. It is alussion to Saint Dominic - Domini canes - Dogs of God.
Saint Agnes from Montepulciano - the painting presents Italian saint. Agnes from Montepulciano lived in 13th and 14th century. She was beatified by Clement VII in 1532 and canonised by Benedict XIII in 1726.
Saint Catarina from Siena - Saint Catarina gets ring from Jesus Christ. She is known as the one that convinced popes from Avignon to come back to Rome
Saint Rosa from Lima - Virgin Mary gives the Child to Saint Rosa
Saint Ludwik Bertrand - the painting presents Indians converting into christianity by the saint
Saint John from Koln - it is presented scene of killing Roman-Catholic priests in Gorkum. Among them there was Saint John from Koln